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Wrestling holds include a of moves used by competitors to immobilize their opponents or lead to a submission. Also known as stretches or submission holdsthese techniques are employed to weaken an opponent or to force him or her to submiteither vocally or by tapping out : slapping the mat, floor, or opponent with a free hand three times. Moves are listed under general whenever possible. Chokes, although not in general stress positions like the other stretches, are usually grouped with stretches as they serve the same tactical purposes. In public performance, for safety's sake, stretches are usually not performed to the point where the opponent must submit or risk injury.
Likewise, chokes are usually Claw hold wrestling applied to the point where they cut off the oxygen supply to the opponent's brain. A notable exception is Japanese shoot-style wrestling, in which wrestlers are expected to apply legit submissions to end matches. While some stretches rely entirely on the acting ability of the opponent to sell them as painful or debilitating, many are legitimately effective when fully applied. They should not be attempted without proper training and supervision, as there is ificant risk of serious injury.
The wrestler sits on his opponent's back and places both of their arms on his thighs, then reaches around their head and applies a chinlock. The wrestler then leans back and pulls the opponent's head and torso.
A camel clutch can also refer simply to a rear chinlock while seated on an opponent's back, without placing the arms on the thighs. It was invented by Salvador "Gory" Guerrerowho gave the move to his tag team partner, El Santowho then popularized its use. It was first known as the La de a Caballo 'on horseback'. Arabic wrestler The Sheik used it as a finisher, giving it the name Camel Clutch.
In the s Iranian wrestler The Iron Sheik popularized it as well. Scott Steiner began using a standing variation of the camel clutch—applying more pressure to the neck, instead of the torso as with the normal camel clutch—as a finisher during his Claw hold wrestling with the nWo it was dubbed the Steiner Recliner.
In this variation of the camel clutch, a wrestler sits on the back of an opponent while they are laying face down on the mat. A wrestler stands behind an opponent and applies a double chickenwing. The wrestler then forces the opponent face-down to the mat, sits on his back, and pulls backwards, stretching the opponent's neck and upper body backwards.
Also known as a Dragon Clutch, an inverted facelock camel clutch sees the wrestler stand behind their opponent and apply an Inverted facelock. They then force the opponent to the mat face down, sit on their back, and pull backwards, stretching the opponent's neck and upper body backwards.
Essentially a regular Camel Clutch, but before the wrestler locks in the chinlock, he pulls the opponent's leg backwards as in the single leg Boston craband tucks it under the wrestler's underarm, then continues to perform the typical camel clutch, applying more pressure to the lower back with the leg's new position. The move was popularized by Dru Onyxhe named the move The Gangbang.
The attacking wrestler stands over a face down opponent, facing the same direction. The wrestler first hooks each of the opponent's legs underneath his own armpits as if performing a reverse Boston crab, the wrestler then reaches down and underneath the opponent's chin with both hands applying a chinlock, finally leaning back to pull up the opponent's head and neck. Another version of the move is similar to a wheelbarrow facebuster but instead illegally pulls the hair of the opponent while leaning back to pull up the Claw hold wrestling head and neck.
Also known as a rear chinlock this hold sees an attacking wrestler lift his opponent, who is lying on the mat face up, to a sitting position. The wrestler then places his knee in the opponents back and grasps the opponent's chin then either pulls straight back on the chin or wrenches it to the side. However, this hold is dangerous, it could strain, or even snap the tendons in the opponent's neck. A variation of the hold, called the reverse chinlock, sees the attacker kneel behind a sitting opponent and wrap around one arm under the opponent's chin and lock Claw hold wrestling hands.
Similar to a sleeper hold, this can also be done from a standing position. Another variation of this hold, referred to as a bridging reverse chinlock, sees the attacking wrestler kneel before the opponent and grasp their neck into a reverse chinlock, before flipping forward to plant their feet and bridge their back adding additional pressure to the opponent's neck and upper back.
Chinlocks are commonly used as a rest hold, when two wrestlers wish to save energy or don't know what to do next. The claw was a squeezing of the skull, by curling one's finger tips in using primarily the last two knuckles of the finger, thereby applying five different points of pressure. The focal point is to use gripping power to almost attempt to shove ones fingers into the opponent's head as oppose to just squeezing with the flat of ones fingers. Usually the ref would declare the opponent incapacitated and call the match.
A ruthless user of the hold, such as Blackjack Mulligancould draw blood either by breaking the nose or inducing a hemorrhage.
The Undertakerwhile wrestling as "Mean" Mark Callous in the late s, used a variation in which he would claw the opponents jaw rather than head. Claw hold wrestling dubbed this variation as the Callous Clutch. The wrestler performing the hold would approach their opponents from behind and grip their he with both hands.
While in the vise, the wrestler could control their opponent by the temples and bring them down to a seated position where more pressure could be exerted. An illegal variation of the clawhold known as alternatively the Testicular clawor the Crotch Claw, exists. This variation, as the name implies, sees a wrestler grab the crotch of their opponent and squeeze. Another variation is known as the Stomach claw, which in form is just like the clawhold, only applied to one's stomach.
The armpit claw was a squeezing of the muscle in the front of the armpit with the four fingers dug into the armpit and the thumb pressing into the front of the shoulder. The opponent's arm would bend at the wrist and elbow, and his fingers would curl into a claw. The hold caused great pain, causing the opponent to submit or to lose all control of his arm and hand, at which point the referee would call for the bell. It is also Claw hold wrestling a Trapezius Claw due to the muscle group targeted. One variant may see the wrestler instead lock their hands on the opponent's neck.
If held for a certain period of time the opponent may cough up blood. This hold was used by Freddie Blassie during his career as a wrestler. Killer Kowalski also used this move during his wrestling career. Popularized by Sgt. Slaughter and also known as a cross-arm lock or cross-arm choke. The wrestler stands behind the opponent and uses one arm to place the opponent in a half nelson.
The wrestler then uses their free arm to pull the opponents arm the same side arm as the one the wrestler is applying the half nelson and pulls it across the face of the opponent and locks their hand to the wrist behind the neck to make the opponent submit. With the opponent lying face down, the wrestler sits beside the opponent, facing the Claw hold wrestling way, locks on the cobra clutch, and then arches his legs and back, bending the opponent's torso and neck upwards. Claw hold wrestling Delirious is known for using this move, he calls it the Cobra Stretch.
From behind the opponent the wrestler locks his hands together and pulls back on the face of the opponent, pulling the neck of the opponent backwards. The move requires some leverage to be applied, and as such it cannot be applied on a freely standing opponent. The most common variant sees a Claw hold wrestling lock one arm of a fallen opponent, who is belly down on the mat with the wrestler on top and to the side, and placing it between their legs before locking their hands around the opponent's chin or face and pulling back to stretch the opponent's neck and shoulder.
A variation where the wrestler just lies on his side on the back of the opponent while applying the crossface was popularised by TAKA Michinokuwho called it the Just Facelock. Mitsuharu Misawa innovated a seated variation where he hooks an arm of a seated opponent with one of his legs and places his other leg against the back of the opponent to trap him before applying the crossface. Chris Hero uses an inverted cravate variation as part of his Hangman's Clutch submissions where after locking the opponent's arm he twists his body so the hand positioning is reversed with the right hand on the left side of the opponents face and the left hand on the right side.
Another variation of this move, known as a spinning hecissors crossface, sees the attacking wrestler perform a spinning hecissors before wrapping around the opponent's body and bringing the opponent's arm between the wrestler's legs, forcing them to the ground and applying the crossface hold. In the aftermath of the Benoit family homicideother WWE wrestlers have begun using the crossface as a regular move, such as Shawn Michaels and Triple H.
The wrestler bends one of his fingers into a hook, and uses it to stretch the opponent's mouth or nose. An illegal hold under usual rules. Austin Aries uses a half surfboard variation, called Fish Hook of Doom, where the opponent is lying face down. He grabs one of the opponent's wrists with one hand and fish hooks the opponent's mouth with the other.
He then places his knees against the opponent's stretched arm, and pulls back with his arms. The wrestler faces his opponent, and both are in same position prone or standing. The wrestler then places his forearm under opponent's chin and armpit on top of it. The wrestler may also underhook his opponent's arm with his free arm.
The wrestler places the opponent in a front chancery and rolls backwards, pulling the opponent over him and onto their back, with the wrestler ending up lying on the opponent. The wrestler then squeezes the opponent's torso with his legs, similar to a body scissors and arches his spinal cavity backwards, pulling the opponent's medulla oblongata forward, and thus applying pressure on the neck and facial region. The wrestler faces his opponent, who is bent forward. The wrestler tucks the opponent's head in his armpit and wraps his arm around the head so that the forearm is pressed against the face.
The wrestler then grabs the arm with his free hand to lock in the hold and compress the opponent's face. From a front facelock in a sprawl position, the attacker grabs the opponent's wrist with his free arm and steps over his foe, folding his opponent over.
Alternatively, you can reach down and grab a seating opponent in a front facelock and sit sprawl down fron there. From behind his opponent, the wrestler slips both arms underneath the opponent's armpits and locks his hands behind his neck, pushing the opponent's head forward against his chest. It can be combined into either a suplex throwing the opponent backwards or a slam lifting the opponent while in the nelson and then releasing. A full nelson can also be done as a combination of a half nelson maneuver with one of the wrestler's hands and arms holding one of the opponent's arms and the other arm being held by the wrestler's legs an arm scissors to complete the nelson.
Another slightly different variation best described as a swinging full nelson is used by Chris Masters dubbed the Master Lock in which he crosses one hand over the other and grip each of his fingers locking them in place to which he then swings his opponent sideways back and forth, creating pressure, thus making much more difficult to simply "breakout" by brute force alone.
Masters garnered attention to his "Master Lock" hold when he was able to bring then-champion John Cena to unconsciousness after a match. Only Bobby Lashley has been able to officially break the Master Lock. Independent circuit wrestler Ken Patera uses a spinning version of the full nelson which sees him lift his opponents into the air after applying the hold and spins them around in circles to cause dizziness making the move difficult to escape.
An old catch wrestling move, made somewhat famous by Stu Hart, where you put someone in a full nelson while sitting on their lower back or apply the full nelson, muscle them down to their knees and then walk forward until you are sitting on their back. The wrestler stands behind their opponent and wraps one arm under the opponent's armpit on the same side and places the hand behind the opponent's head.
The wrestler then pulls back with that side of his body while pushing forward with the hand, bending the opponent's shoulder back and pressing the chin against the chest. The wrestler stands behind his opponent and bends him backwards. The wrestler tucks the opponent's head face-up under his armpit, and wraps his arm around the head so that his forearm is pressed against the back of the opponent's neck. The wrestler then pulls the opponent's head backwards and up, wrenching the opponent's neck.
Named by Low Kithis sees a wrestler stand behind an opponent with the ring ropes between them before grabbing an inverted facelock on the opponent and wrapping his legs around the opponent's body for a body scissors. As the move uses the ring ropes it's illegal under most match rules, and the attacking wrestler has to release the hold before the referee reaches a five count or be disqualified.
Melina uses another variation of this maneuver, rather than holding the opponent in an inverted facelock, she applies a rear chinlock, wrenching her opponent's neck against the top rope. The wrestler applies an Inverted facelock to a seated opponent and places his far leg between the opponent's legs and pushes his near leg's knee against the opponent's back.
The wrestler then pulls the opponent's head backwards with their arms and the opponent's far leg outwards with their leg. This move is also known as Eastern Stretch. It was named after Japanese women's wrestler Plum Mariko. The move was invented by Dr.
Sam Shepparda doctor who was convicted of his wife's murder, and became a wrestler following his subsequent acquittal and release from prison. The move was later popularized by Mick Foleyusing it as his finisher for his Mankind persona. Claw hold wrestling originally wore a tongue-depressor-like rubber protective covering over the two middle fingers. Later, he would often place a sock puppet known as Mr. Socko over his hand before applying the move; this variant is known as the Socko Claw. The move can also be performed barehanded.
A basic wrestling technique, the attacker grabs his standing opponent in a double underhook, their head tucked underneath an armpit. The attacker then reaches across his opponent's hips with his same leg if the opponent's head is tucked underneath the right armpit, he will use his right leg so Claw hold wrestling to trap their opponent's same leg and prevent their escape. The wrestler then wrenches up and backwards with the applied double underhook. Also referred to as a head scissors, this hold sees a wrestler approach a fallen opponent and sit next to them before turning onto their side towards the opponent and placing their legs on either side of the opponent's head, crossing the top leg after its gone around the opponent's chin.
The wrestler then tightens the grip to choke an opponent by compressing their throat. Often, however, an opponent will simply place their hands under the knee of the attacking wrestler and push it up over their chin so they can escape. Another way to escape the hold will see the opponent raise themselves to their feet while still in the hold, forcing the attacking wrestler to a seated position. This in turn uncrosses their legs, allowing the opponent to simply lift their head out. Masato Yoshino popluarized another variation of this maneuver in Japan, where he climbs to the top turnbuckle, and does the neck scissors from the top turnbuckle to a standing opponent.Claw hold wrestling
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